When being a gang banger goes terribly wrong. This thug thought it would be an awesome idea to throw hands with the local Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Specialist.
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A gang is a group of friends or members of a family with a defined leadership and internal organization that identifies with or claims control over territory in a community and engages, either individually or collectively, in illegal, and possibly violent, behavior. Some criminal gang members are “jumped in” (by going through a process of initiation), or they have to prove their loyalty and right to belong by committing certain acts, usually theft or violence. A member of a gang may be called a gangster, a gang banger, or, less specifically, a thug. A number of gangs have gained notoriety throughout history, including the Italian mafia, the Russian mafia, the Irish mob, the Polish mob, the Jewish mob, the Yakuza in Japan, the Triad in China, the gangs of New England, African-American gangs, Latino gangs, and biker gangs. In discussing the banditry in American history Barrington Moore, Jr. suggests that gangsterism as a “form of self-help which victimizes others” may appear in societies which lack strong “forces of law and order”; he characterizes European feudalism as “mainly gangsterism that had become society itself and acquired respectability and power but gang violences were frequent occurances”
A wide variety of gangs, such as the Order of Assassins, the Damned Crew, Adam the Leper’s gang, Penny Mobs, Indian Thugs, Chinese Triads, Snakehead, Japanese Yakuza, Irish mob, Pancho Villa’s Villistas, Dead Rabbits, American Old West outlaw gangs, Bowery Boys, Chasers, the Italian mafia, Jewish mafia, and Russian Mafia crime families have existed for centuries. According to some estimates the Thuggee gangs in India murdered 1 million people between 1740 and 1840. The 17th century saw London “terrorized by a series of organized gangs”, some of them known as the Mims, Hectors, Bugles, and Dead Boys. These gangs often came into conflict with each other. Members dressed in the following way: “with colored ribbons to distinguish the different factions. Chicago had over 1,000 gangs in the 1920s. These early gangs had reputations for many criminal activities, but in most countries could not profit from drug trafficking prior to drugs being made illegal by laws such as the 1912 International Opium Convention and the 1919 Volstead Act. Gang involvement in drug trafficking increased during the 1970s and 1980s, but some gangs continue to have minimal involvement in the trade.
In the United States, the history of gangs began on the East Coast in 1783 following the American Revolution. The emergence of the gangs was largely attributed to the vast rural population immigration to the urban areas. The first street-gang in the United States, the 40 Thieves, began around the late 1820s in New York City. The gangs in Washington D.C. had control of what is now Federal Triangle, in a region then known as Murder Bay
In 2007, there were approximately 785,000 active street gang members in the United States, according to the National Youth Gang Center. In 2011, the National Gang Intelligence Center of the Federal Bureau of Investigation asserted that “There are approximately 1.4 million active street, prison, and outlaw gang members comprising more than 33,500 gangs in the United States.” Approximately 230,000 gang members were in U.S. prisons or jails in 2011.